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'''Martin Luther King, Jr.''' (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarianism|humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968)|African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of Civil and political rights|civil rights using Nonviolence|nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christianity|Christian beliefs. King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, King led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia (the Albany Movement), and helped organize the 1963 nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama. King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and...
Birth nameMichael King, Jr.
Birth date{{birth date|mf=yes|1929|1|15}}
Birth place{{nowrap|Atlanta, Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia, U.S.}}
Death date{{death date and age|mf=yes|1968|4|4|1929|1|15}}
Death place{{nowrap|Memphis, Tennessee|Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.}}
Death causeAssassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.|Assassination
SignatureMartin Luther King Jr Signature2.svg
Parents{{unbulleted list
SpouseCoretta Scott King (m. 1953–1968; his death)
Children{{unbulleted list
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